The Tools of the Trade
There are crucial differences between export control and sanctions practice – both in the way that the rules are made and in their technicalities. And yet in some respects, they continue to converge. One shared characteristic is that despite the illusion of ‘union’, when it comes to interpretation and enforcement, EU Member States have a tendency to set their own paths. But against a backdrop of rising geopolitical insecurity, it’s clear that business needs to take them on board – even if that means embracing uncertainty.