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The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) came into being in 1965, one year after the passage of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000e et seq., the landmark civil rights statute prohibiting employment discrimination and retaliation. The EEOC was charged with enforcing Title VII’s prohibitions against discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, and sex, and prohibiting retaliation against those seeking relief, or helping others seek relief, under the Act. The EEOC also enforces a number of other non-discrimination statutes: the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, Sections 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act, Sections 102 and 103 of the Civil Rights Act of 1991, and the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008.
Read "The EEOC at 50."