Alvaro Galindo

alvaro-galindo

Alvaro Galindo

International Counsel

Washington, D.C. | 1900 K Street, NW, Washington, DC, United States of America 20006-1110
+1 202 261 3316 | +1 202 261 3333

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Alvaro Galindo* is an International Counsel at Dechert LLP advising on complex international arbitration matters, particularly those involving Latin American jurisdictions. Mr. Galindo’s practice focuses on the representation of sovereign states. Mr. Galindo has been recognized by The Legal 500 Latin America since 2012 and was noted as “outstandingly intelligent” for his international arbitration practice in the 2014 edition.

Prior to joining Dechert, he served as the Director of the International Affairs and Arbitration Unit for the Republic of Ecuador’s Attorney General Office. He acted as a legal consultant for the World Bank Group’s International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) in Washington, D.C. and the Latin American Development Corporation in Ecuador, where he coordinated the legal group in charge of drafting the Arbitration Law of Ecuador.

Mr. Galindo has significant teaching experience in the areas of international trade, investment, economic and arbitration law, having previously served as Director of Graduate Programs and Vice Dean of the University of San Francisco de Quito School of Law. Currently, he is a Law Professor at Georgetown University Law Center, with a course on Advanced Topics in International Arbitration. He is also Professor of International Commercial Arbitration (Spanish course) at American University, in Washington, D.C.

Mr. Galindo has represented Ecuador in different international and regional forums, among others, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, UNCTAD; the Union of South American Nations Working Group on Dispute Settlement, UNASUR and the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law Working Group on Arbitration, UNCITRAL.

In addition, he is a member of the Legal Advisory Task Force (LATF), set up by the Energy Charter Secretariat in 2001 to assist in the drafting of balanced and legally coherent Model Agreements for cross-border oil and gas pipelines.

Experience
  • Occidental Petroleum Corporation and Occidental Exploration and Production Company v. Republic of Ecuador (ICSID Case No. ARB/06/11).
  • Murphy Exploration and Production Company International v. Republic of Ecuador (ICSID Case No. ARB/08/4).
  • Burlington Resources, Inc. and others v. Republic of Ecuador and Empresa Estatal Petróleos del Ecuador (ICSID Case No. ARB/08/5).
  • Perenco Ecuador Limited v. Republic of Ecuador and Empresa Estatal Petróleos del Ecuador (ICSID Case No. ARB/08/6).
  • UNCITRAL ad hoc arbitration between Chevron Texaco Corporation and Texaco Petroleum Company and the Republic of Ecuador.
  • Two ICC arbitrations representing the Dominican Republic and a Dominican State owned company.
  • Three Uncitral arbitrations representing the Plurinational State of Bolivia.
Education
  • Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, B.A., Juridical Science, 1995, President of the Student Bar Association (1994), Law Journal Director (1993-1994)
  • Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, J.D., 1997
  • Georgetown University Law Center, LL.M., International Trade, International Investment Law and Alternative Dispute Resolution, 2002
Admissions
  • *Miembro del Colegio de Abogados del Ecuador
  • Licensed to practice as a Special Legal Consultant in the District of Columbia
Memberships
  • Georgetown University Law Center Latin American Alumni Advisory Board
  • Court and Panel of Arbitrators, the Permanent Court of Arbitration
  • Experts Group on Investor-State Dispute Resolution, United Nations Conference on Trade and Investment (UNCTAD)
  • Georgetown University Law Center’s International Institute for International Economic Law
  • Arbitration Center of the Ecuadorian-American Chamber of Commerce (ECAMCHAM)
  • Ecuadorian Bar Association
  • Law360 International Arbitration Editorial Advisory Board
  • Ecuadorian Alternate Court member, ICC International Court of Arbitration
  • Legal Advisory Task Force (LATF) 
Speaking Engagements
  • Arbitration’s Age of Enlightenment — ICCA Congress, Edinburgh, (May 10-13, 2020)
  • Investor-State Dispute Settlement System Reform: Challenges and Opportunities —  Inter-American Bar Association Washington D.C. Chapter's Arbitration Panel, Washington, DC (December 5, 2018)
  • Latin America - A Review of Recent Developments — Topical Issues in Investment Law & Investor-State Dispute Settlement, Paris (October 26, 2018)
  • El Futuro Del Arbitraje De Inversión: Tendencias Actuales - IEA y el Centro de Arbitraje y Mediación de AMCHAM Quito — Quito (August 27, 2018) 
  • X Edition of the Latin-American Arbitration Conference (CLA) - Center for Law, Economics and Politics (CEDEP) and the Zambrano Association — Cusco (June 1, 2018)
  • Practical and Strategic Dimensions of Counterclaims in Investor-State Arbitration — Georgetown International Arbitration Society and International Law Association American Branch Investment Law Committee, Washington, DC (February 13, 2018)
  • Reformas al Reglamento de Arbitraje de la ICC y Nuevas Prácticas — ICC Ecuador ADR Week, Quito (September 12, 2017)
  • Renovating international arbitration: New ICC practices and managing evidence — ICC Conference, La Habana (August 25, 2017)
  • International Arbitration involving States, State Entities and State Owned Enterprises — CAM-CCBC and CPA Conference, São Paulo (August 22, 2017)
  • Judicial Intervention in Arbitral Proceedings in Latin America, Washington, D.C. (February 27, 2017)
  • Roadshow on the New York Convention — ICCA, Quito (February 23, 2017)
  • Global Energy Arbitration: Current Issues and Trends, Washington, D.C. (February 16, 2017)
  • Dispute resolution on mining projects — IV Mining Law Congress - Ecuador's Mining Chamber, Quito (January 25, 2017)
  • Closing Roundtable The Battle Between State Courts On International Arbitration Matters — ICC Miami Conference, Miami (November 15, 2016)
  • Annulment in the Oil and Gas Sector — Annual Houston Conference on Oil and Gas Investment Arbitration, Houston (September 16, 2016)
  • Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards in Latin America: A Discussion on What to Expect — Georgetown International Arbitration Society, Washington, D.C. (November 6, 2015)
  • Applicable Law and Immunity Considerations — Complex Contract Negotiations in the Energy Sector Government Officials Only, Brussels (November 3, 2015)
  • Bloque Arbitraje de Inversión — Arbitration Day 2015 - Costa Rican Young Arbitrators, San José (October 30, 2015)
  • Challenges of Commercial Arbitration Involving Public — Second Pan-American Arbitration Congress - CAM/CCBC, São Paulo (October 26-27, 2015)

Speaker, “Challenges of Commercial Arbitration Involving Public Entities, Direct or Indirect.”

  • Arbitraje de Inversiones en América Latina — 6 tas Jornadas Internacionales de Arbitraje, La Paz (October 16, 2015)
  • Los recursos naturales no renovables y el arbitraje de inversión: ¿foro adecuado para los reclamos por daños al medio ambiente? — VII Conferencia Latinoamericana de Arbitraje, Curitiba (June 19, 2015)

Speaker, discussion on nonrenewable natural resources in investment arbitration.

  • Conferencia De Arbitraje Internacional, Quito (March 26-27, 2015)
  • Recognition and Enforcement of International Commercial Awards in Latin America — D.C. Bar Sections, Washington, D.C. (February 24, 2015)

Speaker, discussion on developments on the enforcement of Latin American commercial awards.

  • Risk Management and Investment Dispute Resolution: Focus on Latin America Infrastructure Projects — Georgetown International Arbitration Month, Washington, D.C. (February 5, 2015)

Speaker, panel on risk management and investment dispute resolution, focusing on Latin America infrastructure projects.

  • Congreso Centroamericano de Arbitraje de Inversión — Centro de Mediación y Arbitraje de el Salvador, San Salvador (January 29, 2015)

Speaker, "The Choice of the Tribunal and the Difference Between Contractual Actions and Conventional Actions."

  • Applicable Law and Dispute Settlement in the Hydrocarbon Contracts — Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX), Mexico City (December 4, 2014)

Speaker, "Applicable Law and Dispute Settlement in the Hydrocarbon Contracts."

  •  The Legitimacy of Arbitration — Latin American Arbitration Conference, Punta Cana (May 29, 2014)

Speaker, panel on topics relating to the legitimacy of arbitration, including: transparency as a source of legitimacy; transparency, privacy and confidentiality; differences between commercial arbitration and investment arbitration; procedural challenges and hurdles for transparency of proceedings.

  • Treaty Arbitration: Is the Playing Field Level and Who Decides Whether It Is Anyway? — ICCA Miami 2014: ‘Legitimacy: Myths, Realities, Challenges’, Miami, FL (April 8, 2014)
  • Perspectives for Legal Services and Other Industries: New Business Perspectives for the Region — Regional Forum on the Risks and Opportunities for Central America and the Caribbean from the Transpacific Partnership Agreement Negotiations, Santo Domingo (January 17, 2014)

Speaker, panel on the Caribbean Hub - the new scenario under the development of the Panama Canal.

  • Workshop for civil servants of Latin American Governments in charge of negotiating investment treaties and representing their States in investment arbitration — UNCTAD and the Ministry of Foreign Trade of Colombia, Bogotá (November 19, 2013)
  • Forum of Oil and Energy Law — Dechert and the Hydrocarbons Secretariat of Ecuador, Quito (November 14, 2013)
  • Workshop on Oral Arguments and Examination of Witnesses — Attorney General's Office of Ecuador, Quito (November 5, 2013)
  • International Commercial Arbitration and Investment Treaty Arbitration: Similarities and Differences — The Inter-American Commercial Arbitration Commission and the Ibero American Association of Chambers of Commerce, Dominican Republic (October 14, 2013)
  • Course in International Arbitration — Sergio Arboleda University, Bogotá (August 17, 2013)
  • Workshop for the Legal Team — Foreign Investment Unit of the Ministry of Foreign Trade of Colombia, Bogotá (August 15, 2013)
  • Arbitrability in Investment Treaty Arbitration — Vienna International Arbitration Center and UNCITRAL, Vienna (July 11, 2013)
  • International Arbitration Conference — Arbitration Center of the Chamber of Commerce of Quito, Ecuador, Quito (July 3, 2013)
  • Presentations delivered in the seminar for in-house lawyers of State-owned companies and State instrumentalities, and members of the Inter-Institutional Committee for the Settlement of Investment Disputes — Government of the Dominican Republic, Dominican Republic (June 20, 2013)
  • State to State Arbitration Under International Investment Treaties — Conferencia Latinoamericana de Arbitraje (CLA), Buenos Aires (June 13, 2013)
  • Training in International Arbitration to civil servants from African region countries — International Law Institute (ILI), Washington, D.C. (June 4, 2013)
  • Seminar on International Arbitration and Representation of Sovereign States in Investment Disputes — Ministry of Foreign Relations of Honduras, Honduras (May 21, 2013)
  • International Seminar on Arbitration — Inter American Commission on Commercial Arbitration and the Chamber of Commerce, Guayaquil (May 7, 2013)
  • Complex Issues in International Arbitration — Symposium hosted by ABA SIL, ICSID and LCIA, Washington, D.C. (April 23, 2013)
  • Conference on international arbitration delivered to the recently created Young Arbitrations Practitioners forum — Arbitration Center of the Ecuador-U.S. Chamber of Commerce (AMCHAM), Quito (April 4, 2013)
  • International Arbitration — University San Francisco de Quito School of Law, Quito (April 3, 2013)
  • Rules of Arbitration Applicable to Investment Disputes Between Foreign Investors and State-Owned Companies — PEMEX, Mexico City (March 15, 2013)

Workshop participant.

  • New Trends in International Arbitration, Arbitration Institutions, and Investment Dispute Settlement in Latin America — 2013 First Edition of the “International Arbitration Month” at Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC (February 27, 2013)

Speaker, “New Trends in International Arbitration, Arbitration Institutions, and Investment Dispute Settlement in Latin America.”

  • Legal Globetrotting: Recognizing & Enforcing Foreign Judgments & Arbitral Awards — American Bar Association International's 2012 Fall Meeting, Miami Beach, FL (October 16, 2012)
  • Los Tratados para la protección a la inversión: un producto del ejercicio soberano del Estado o limitación a la soberanía del Estado — Sixth Annual Seminar on International Investment Arbitration at the University Externado, Bogotá (September 13-14, 2012)
  • The Neutrality and Impartiality of a Mediator: Myth or Reality — First International Forum of Mediation in the Public Sector, Quito (July 31, 2012)
  • Discretional Power of States in The Adoption Of Measures Of Public Interest Vis A Vis Obligations Derived From International Agreements — Implementation of FTAs: Preventive Measures And Management of International Disputes, Presented by The Embassies of Uruguay and Honduras, Washington, D.C. (July 11, 2012)
  • Arbitraje administrado versus arbitraje ad-hoc: ¿cuál garantiza de mejor forma la neutralidad del procedimiento? — IV Conferencia Latinoamericana de Arbitraje, Medellin (June 29, 2012)

Speaker, “La neutralidad como factor esencial del arbitraje internacional / Neutrality as Essential Factor of International Arbitration” panel.

  • Future of Foreign Investment Protection in Latin America: A Roundtable — DC Bar, Washington, DC (May 29, 2012)
  • Advanced Topics in International Arbitration — Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC (May 18, 2012)

Adjunct Professor, Spring 2013 semester.

  • Arbitrations Involving Sovereigns — International Law Institute Program on Arbitration and Mediation, Washington, DC (May 9, 2012)
  • Investment, Trade, Health & Environment. Are NAFTA and CAFTA More Than Trade Agreements? — 6th Annual Investment Treaty Arbitration Conference: A Debate and Discussion, Washington, DC (March 27, 2012)
  • How Neutral is the System of Investment Arbitration? — 15th Annual IBA International Arbitration Day - Neutrality: Myth or Reality?, Stockholm (March 8, 2012)
  • The Production of Evidence in International Arbitration — 6th Annual Conference on International Arbitration – International Chamber of Commerce/Young Arbitration Forum Round Table, Quito (March 1, 2012)
  • 56th Session, Working Group on Arbitration - 2000 to Present: Arbitration and Conciliation — United Nations Commission for International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), New York, NY (February 6-10, 2012)

Chief of Ecuador’s delegation during debates involving drafting the rules on transparency for international disputes between investors and sovereign states.

  • Rethinking Investment Treaty Law – A Policy Perspective — London School of Economics, London (May 23, 2011)
  • APEC-UNCTAD-Training Course on International Investment Agreements in the Asian and Latin American Regions — (January 1, 2011)
  • The Legality of the Investment and Most Favored Nation Treatment — University of Miami School of Law International Arbitration Institute, Second Peer Forum On Investor-State Dispute Settlement, Coral Gables, FL (October 10, 2010)
  • Procedural Aspects of Investor-State Arbitration — University of Miami School of Law International Arbitration Institute, First Peer Forum On Investor-State Dispute Settlement, Coral Gables, FL (July 15, 2009)
  • The Future Direction of Bilateral Investment Treaties - Investment Treaties at 50: Host State Perspectives — Investment Treaty Forum of the British Institute of International and Comparative Law, London (May 15, 2009)